PCB decomposition and formation in thermal treatment plant equipment

Ishikawa, Y.; Noma, Y.; Yamamoto, T.; Mori, Y.; Sakai, S. (2007) Chemosphere, 67(7): 1383-1393

In this study we investigated both the decomposition and unintentional formation of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners during combustion experiments of refuse-derived fuel (RDF) and automobile shredder residue (ASR) at several stages in thermal treatment plant equipment composed of a primary combustion chamber, a secondary combustion chamber, and other equipments for flue gas treatment. In both experiments, the unintentional formation of PCB occurred in the primary combustion chamber at the same time as the decomposition of PCB in input samples. By combusting RDF, non-ortho-PCB predominantly formed, whereas ortho-PCB and symmetric chlorinated biphenyls (e.g., #52/69, #87/108, and #151) tended to be decomposed. ASR formed the higher chlorinated biphenyls more than RDF. These by-products from ASR had no structural relation with ortho-chlorine. Lower chlorinated biphenyls appeared as predominant homologues at the final exit site, while all congeners from lower to higher chlorinated PCB were unintentionally formed as by-products in the primary combustion chamber. This result showed that the flue gas treatment equipments effectively removed higher chlorinated PCB. Input marker congeners of RDF were # 11, #39, and #68, while those for ASR were #11, # 101, #110/120, and #118. Otherwise, combustion marker congeners of RDF were #13/12, #35, #77, and #126, while those for ASR were #170, #194, #206, and #209. While the concentration of PCB increased significantly in the primary combustion chamber, the value of toxicity equivalency quantity for dioxin-like PCB decreased in the secondary combustion chamber and the flue gas treatment equipments.


congener profile; dioxin-like PCB; by-product PCB; combustion; refuse-derived fuel (RDF); automobile shredder residue (ASR) ; MUNICIPAL WASTE INCINERATION; DIBENZO-P-DIOXINS; PILOT INCINERATOR; CONGENER PATTERNS; COPLANAR PCBS; FLY-ASH; BEHAVIOR; PCDFS; PCDDS; FORMULATIONS