Fractionation of Coal by Use of High Temperature Solvent Extraction Technique and Characterization of the Fractions

Ashida, R.; Nakagawa, K.; Oga, M.; Nakagawa, H.; Miura, K. (2008) Fuel, 87(4-5): 576-582

The authors have recently presented a new coal fractionation method that can separate a bituminous coal into several fractions, just like petroleum distillation, without decomposing coal. In this paper this method was applied to two bituminous coals and a brown coal. Sequential solvent extraction at different temperatures lower than 350 C successfully separated the two bituminous coals into several fractions having different molecular mass compounds. Since all the extracted fractions are almost free from mineral matter, and some fractions were found to be fusible like a synthesized pitch when heated, the possibility of producing high performance carbon materials from the coal fractions was investigated. On the other hand, fractions obtained from the brown coal by the sequential solvent extraction were very close in both chemical composition and molecular mass, although the sequential extraction could greatly suppress the decomposition of the brown coal below 350 C. The difference in the extraction behavior between the bituminous coals and the brown coal were attributed to the difference in their chemical structure.


Coal fractionation; Solvent extraction; Carbon materials